The game of Calcio in Costume bears no resemblance to football, although calcio is Italian for football, or soccer.
Tuscany has a lot of events, that every years develop in the famous its famous cities.
It was probably invented in the military encampments where the soldiers resting between battles would have lost strength without exercise. Here was a game which developed arm and leg muscles in a real hand to hand struggle for what was the size and shape of a cannon ball. It was first played in Florence not so much as a sport as for training young men in the art of combat. The most famous match was probably that played on 17 February 1530, in Piazza Santa Croce.
The Florentines had taken advantage of the sack of Rome by the imperial armies in 1527 to drive the Medici out of the city for a second time and place themselves under the sovereignty of Christ and the Virgin, determined to defend Florence to the last against the imperial armies spurred on by Pope Clement VII.
The imperial army, the most powerful of the time, laid siege to Florence from the summer 1529 to that of the following year.
It was a memorable siege , which became steadily more severe, the city began to feel the shortage of food, although the general feeling in the city at that time was summed up by the graffiti on the walls; poor but free.
It is in this atmosphere that a game of Calcio in Costume was played in mid-February, not just to keep up the ancient tradition of playing during carnival but more to show the city's scorn for the besieging troops, who considered Florence exhausted and already defeated.
To emphasize this scorn a group of Florentine musicians played from the roof of Santa Croce so that the enemy would have a better idea of what was going on.
Suddenly a cannon ball from the imperial batteries flew over the heads of the musicians and landed on the other side of the church; no damage was done, and it was greeted by the jeers of the crowds and the clamour of the instruments. There are no records of who won the match, maybe because it seemed more of a joint effort against the enemy than a tournament amongst teams. Although the match was a success, the city soon capitulated and the iron rule of the Medici returned.
The matches were played almost without interruption until the end of the 18th century, and only in May 1930 on the fourth centenary of the siege of Florence was the historical manifestation started up again.
Nowadays three matches are played, by teams drawn from Florence's four major neighborhoods, in Piazza Santa Croce, on 16th, 24th, 30th of June on the recurrence of the patron -saint. After the long parade headed by the nobles on horseback, starting in Santa Maria Novella and culminating in Piazza Santa Croce, the game begins to cries of Viva Firenze! It is an hour of continuous struggle, attacks, scuffles, blows and tangling of bodies dressed in fifteenth-century costumes.
It is intended to echo the famous match of 1530, in the desire to revive and to record a memorable page of the city's glorious history.
Florence: Soccer in custom Today in the prestigious premises of the Palace of Guelfa Part, where it is still breathed, without to become of perhaps very account, particular atmosfear, it has center Historical Soccer Fiorentino, institution that perpetual the use of ancient traditionally to play to the football legacy to the city life.
Indeed, as the reports hand on us, soccer is a game of ball to which, from remote times, two formations of young attempts participated to try to make to pass, beyond the final marking out of the opposing field, a rag football made or composed of a covering filled up of hay, straw, hats and piume or, in the greater part of the cases, from one blister of animals swollen air and covered of sewn skin to segments in order to gain of roundness.
According to ancient testimonies "the game of soccer" is been born "on the river of Arno" and after centuries it is only trasmigrate on that one of the Tamigi where, changed the name in Foot-Ball (game of the ball to foot) and affinaterules, have achieved that reputation, today, universal recognized.
Fiorentino Soccer , said also "soccer in custom" or "soccer in livery", is a game that sinks its roots in remote times, the first Italian dictionary of 1612, of the Academics of the Bran, confirms the thesis supplying the following definition: "... the name of a game, just and ancient is soccer also of the city of Florence, like battles ordered, passed from Greek to Latin.
Therefore ancient game "just c" of Florence the whose origins, remotest, go then but tried before from the Greeks and from the Latins.
Soccer fiorentino was not other that one of the many ways in order to cheer the self-confident youth, happy for playing with that spherical body of several largenesses, that we know to have been used in all the parts of the world.
In the historic Greece came commonly carried out ludiche recreations with the ball, organizing contests from the names of "Feninda", "Episciro", and, more known, than "Sferomachia" (that it drew the name just from the sphere in game), in which two groups of equal number of players, rury compete to take the ball, offered a more varied and competitive show that, al same time, comprised the exercize of the race, the jump and the fight.
From the Greeks, this ludo, passed to the Roman which, with the name of Harpastum (torn to force) played it on the sabbiosi lands (for which the name harpastum often he was aggettivato with pulveruleotum) practicing to precise rules to which the two squares, always of equal number of players, had to be adhered.